In the most basic sense, Fritz Fischer, with his 1961 publication of Griff nach der Weltmacht (roughly translated as Germany's Aims in the World War I), painted a most unflattering picture of Imperial Germany. The controversial Fischer Thesis blamed Germany for the causes of World War I in 1914, focusing on Bethmann-Hollweg's September Program and its imperialist aims, and asserting that it was Germany's bid for world power that brought on the conflict. By the time Fischer had published his thesis, Europeans, in the aftermath of the Second World War, had largely agreed that blame for the First should be equally distributed among all participating nations - "We all stumbled into it," as Lloyd George had said.
The Fischer Thesis and WWI
The Fischer Thesis reawakened the controversy surrounding the outbreak of World War I and argued that in July of 1914 Germany took advantage of the Sarajevo incident to begin a "defensive" European campaign. This, in contrast to the traditional German stance, which continued to maintain that Germany's entry into the war was accidental and nothing if not defensive, coming on the heels of an unanticipated Russian mobilization; also, the ensuing invasion of France was made because of Germany's fear of being encircled by the other European powers, and as a result of the Schlieffen Plan.
Fischer uncovered German and Prussian archival documents that clearly demonstrated Germany's intent to establish a "Greater Germany" as early as 1897 as part of their Weltpolitik strategy. Such a "Greater Germany" as was described there could only have been accomplished by going to war against both France and Russia. The German nationalist sentiment continued to grow through 1912, when William II's War Council advised the German government to prepare for war and won approval from Bethmann-Hollweg. Sarajevo was but a convenient excuse for the pan-European war imperialist Germany had been planning for several years.
The Controversial Fischer Thesis
The Fischer Thesis has been especially controversial because it seeks to establish a continuity between pre-World War I Germany and the Third Reich - refuting the German school of apologists who had labored to disassociate the 12-year long Nazi regime from the rest of German history (interestingly, Fischer accomplished this while not mentioning Nazism even once).
Related Research Paper Topic Suggestions
American Expeditionary Force - Research papers on the American Expeditionary Force look into the official United States military that took part in World War I, under the command of General John J. Pershing.
Archduke Ferdinand - Archduke Ferdinand research papers discuss the most one of the most significant events of the twentieth century.
Balkan Wars - Balkan War research papers look into the wars that occurred during the 19th Century in the Balkan Peninsula.
Causes of World War I - Get help determining the causes of World War I with a custom written world history research paper.
Effects of WWI - Effects of World War I research papers examine the causes and effects of the Great War and the social impact that WWI had on all countries involved.
Gavrilo Princip - Gavrilo Princip research papers examine the man that assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his wife Sophie.
German Aggression In WWI - German Aggression in WWII research papers look at Germany's isolationist policies and their aggressive invasion of Poland.
Nazi Germany - Nazi Germany research papers examine the Nazi Party after World War I and the social and political devastation that overtook the German people due to Hitler.
Outbreak of Wwi - Outbreak of WWI research papers explain the many causes for World War I.
Political Effects of Wwi - Political Effects of WWI research papers are sample history papers on World War I.
Post World War I Europe - Post World War I Europe research papers show the political and economic turmoil that Europe was left with after World War I.
Russia 20th Century - Russia in 20th Century Research Papers deal with the fall of Nicholas II and the Rise of Vladimir Lenin.
Sinking of The Lusitania - Sinking of the Lusitania research papers show that this one act forced America into Worldl War I.
Social Effects of WWI - Social Effects of WWI research papers are custom written by Paper Masters. We do your research and writing on the postwar Europe and Russia, saving you precious time.
The Lusitania - The Lusitania research papers report how instrumental the luxury ocean liner was in World War I.
World War I - Custom research papers on World War I can range from topics on the Outbreak of World War I, What Caused WWI or what secret alliances were formed during WWI.