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The seeds of secession by the South from the North were sown beginning in 1820, when the states in the North first openly proposed that slavery be abolished. The South also resented the election of President Abraham Lincoln, who publicly stated he wanted to abolish slavery once and for all. Secession ultimately led to the Civil War. This secession theory term paper shows the unanimity of three Southern states in voting to end their ties with the union:
- South Carolina
Lincoln and Secession Theory
On June 17, 1853, Abraham Lincoln delivered a speech in Springfield, Illinois, at the close of the Republican State Convention. At that time, Lincoln boldly stated that the Union could not survive when it was half-free and half-slave. "A house divided against itself cannot stand," Lincoln said.
Calling slavery "the greatest material interest of the world," Mississippi, in 1860, saw Lincoln's goal to abolish slavery as "a blow at commerce and civilization." The declaration by state legislators said it had no choice but to secede, since otherwise it would have to submit to the mandates of abolition.
Abolition and Secession Theory
What was particularly worrisome to Mississippi's leaders was they saw abolition as a grave danger to their statehood, since slavery provided the manpower to produce and move its goods. In a peculiar twist, the legislators added that it had a tropical climate, and "the black race can bear exposure to the tropical sun".