Treaty of Ghent Research Paper
The history of the world has witnessed many significant treaties. The Treaty of Ghent was one of the most influential treaties in shaping the United States. When writing a treaty of Ghent research paper, be sure to include the important facts of the treaty and the major players the formation of the treaty. Paper Masters can assist you in writing a custom written research paper on the Treaty of Ghent.
Facts on the Treaty of Ghent that must be in your research paper:
- The Treaty of Ghent was the agreement signed between the United States and Great Britain ending the War of 1812.
- Signed on December 24, 1814
- The Treaty was ratified by Parliament on December 30
- Ratified by the U.S. Senate on February 18, 1815
- Because of the slow communication of the day, the Battle of New Orleans took place on January 8, 1815, before news of the Treaty reached America
Major Players in the Treaty's Ratification
Although British troops had the advantage during the War of 1812, going so far as to burn the Capitol and the White House in Washington, D.C., British Prime Minister Lord Liverpool realized that a protracted war was not in the interest of the kingdom. With Napoleon defeated on the Continent, many of Britain’s major war goals were satisfied, and negotiations began in the Dutch city of Ghent. The American delegation consisted of John Quincy Adams, Henry Clay and Albert Gallatin.
The British eventually dropped all of their territorial demands, producing a treaty that upheld the status quo ante bellum, or state of affairs before the war. While the treaty was signed at the end of December 1814, the war continued until both sides ratified the document. Andrew Jackson was able to defeat British forces at the Battle of New Orleans, and minor skirmishes continued for several months. The treaty went into effect on February 18, 1815. One week later, Napoleon returned from his first exile, prompting British attention in continental affairs.