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The Suez Canal

The Suez Canal is a man-made waterway connecting the Mediterranean Sea at Port Said to the Red Sea at Suez Port. Although attempts to build a canal linking these two seas goes back to Ancient Egypt, the modern canal was constructed between 1859 and 1869. It was the brainchild of French developer Ferdinand de Lesseps and engineer Linant de Bellefonds. TThe Suez Canalhey the Suez Canal Company and gained the right to operate the canal on a ninety-nine-year lease from the Egyptian government. Nearly 30,000 Egyptians worked as laborers and it believed that thousands died in the harsh working conditions. The British had initially opposed the construction, fearing that it would threaten their connection to India. However, when the Egyptian government fell into financial difficulties in the 1870s, the British bought up their shares in the Company. Ultimately able to gain a protectorate over the Canal and eventually Egypt itself – one that lasted until the Egyptian government nationalized the Canal in the 1950s.

Unlike many other canals, the Suez Canal contains no locks. This was achieved because the elevation at Port Said and Suez are roughly equal. In 2015, the Canal was enhanced with the opening of the New Suez Canal, which two-way traffic cargo traffic to pass through the center of the Isthmus between Suez Canal Bridge and Small Bitter Lake. On average, some 1400 vessels pass through the Canal each month and roughly 45 each day.

Related Research Paper Topics

France and The Panama Canal - The committee was headed by Ferdinand de Lessep, known for his accomplishment of building the Suez Canal.

The Path Between the Seas - Because of the narrowness of the Panama isthmus, creating a canal had been a dream of European explorers for centuries.

Yom Kippur War - Initially, Egyptian forces crossed the Suez Canal and managed to recapture most of the Sinai.

Asia - Asia is one of the seven continents of the world. It is the largest and most populated continent, covering 30 percent of Earth's land area.

Cyprus - Britain was motivated to enter into this agreement because of the creation of the Suez Canal nine years earlier, which was vital to Britain's communications with other countries it controlled in the area.

European Colonization of Africa - At the time, Britain controlled Egypt due to its acquisition of the Suez Canal, and the Congo had become the personal colony of Belgium's King Leopold II.

The Statue of Liberty - Over the next several years, he developed an interest in large or colossal sculptures, and submitted a proposal for a statue at the entrance to the Suez Canal known as Progress Bringing Light To Asia that depicted a robed woman holding a torch aloft.