Kinesiology is the study of human movement and motion. As a field of scientific study, kinesiology is often applied in terms of rehabilitation after injury or surgery. Research takes place using motion tracking, electrophysiology, sport and exercise to help individuals reach a healthy state of movement in their daily lives. Experts in kinesiology work in a variety of health care professions, in hospitals, clinics, and in private practice. Frequently, kinesologists work in professional sports on all levels, but especially work with elite athletes.
One of the key principles of kinesiology is human adaptation through exercise. Therapeutic exercise has long been known to improve one's neuromotor control. Aerobic exercises can be used to improve cardiac endurance. Anaerobic exercise is useful in building muscle strength. The benefits of regular exercise for any one includes reducing symptoms of depression, reducing one's risk of cardiovascular disease, and improving one's quality of life through increased physical fitness.
A second key principle of kinesiology is neuroplasticity, the description of the interrelationship between movement and brain activity. Another concept is motor redundancy, a principle of kinesiology that states for any task that the human body can perform can be done in an unlimited number of ways. In other words, there is more than one way to do anything, and kinesiology can reteach the brain to have the body perform a desired task.