Anatomy & Physiology
Anatomy and physiology are two branches of medical science. Anatomy specifically refers to the study of tissue structure, organs and organisms of the body, while physiology deals with the functions of cells, tissues and organs. Paper Masters can compose a custom written research paper on Anatomy & Physiology that follows your guidelines.
In medical schools, anatomy and physiology are often combined together, with anatomy being the study of the parts of the body and physiology studying how those various parts work in concert. If anatomy is form, then physiology is function.
Subtopics of Anatomy and Physiology are:
- Human Body
- Chemistry of Life
- Cell Structure
- Integumentary System
- Skeletal System
- Articular System
- Muscular System
- Nervous System
- Endocrine System
- Cardiovascular System
- Lymphatic System
- Nutrition and the Digestive System
- Respiratory System
- Urinary System
- Reproductive System
Origins of Anatomy and Physiology
The word anatomy comes from the Greek words meaning "to cut open." It is divided into gross and microscopic anatomy. Gross anatomy refers to the human structures that are visible to the naked eye, and during medical school its study generally starts with a human dissection. Microscopic anatomy, as the name suggests, refers to human structures that can only be seen with the aid of a microscope.
Andreas Vesalius (1514-1564) is considered to be the father of modern anatomy, publishing one of the first accurate textbooks of the human structure. Leonardo da Vinci was a trained anatomist, making use of his scientific study in art.
Physiology seems to learn how the body's various structures carry out the chemical and physical functions. The term "physiology" was coined by the Frenchman Jean Fernel in 1525. It was not until 1838 that scientists first introduced the idea of cells, known as Cell Theory, to the medical community.
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