Evolution As Fact and Theory
Research papers on evolution and creation can use Stephen Jay Gould's book Evolution as Fact and Theory. Have our writers write a book review or research paper that use Gould's book as a main reference.
In his essay, Evolution as Fact and Theory, Stephen Jay Gould categorizes Darwin's theory of evolution as indeed both "fact" and "theory", but is quick to point out that, " 'fact' doesn't mean 'absolute certainty'", and that, "In science 'fact' can only mean 'confirmed to such a degree that it would be perverse to withhold provisional assent'". In an Evolution as Fact and Theory research paper, Gould says a major difference between "evolutionists" and "creationists" is this:
- Evolutionists make no claim of perpetual truth, and the theory of evolution is always up for scientific debate and open to the scrutiny of those who doubt it.
- Creationists, on the other hand, present the theory that God created man out of nothing as an absolute truth that is not open to debate.
That said, Darwin's theories go a long way in challenging creationist theory on almost every level, including those of "creation, design and the uniqueness or special creation of man". From its most basic idea that man has evolved from a lower life form, through the entire theoretical process of natural selection, Darwin's ideas are in obvious direct challenge to the idea that God created man specifically and uniquely. In considering the creationist rebuttal to Charles Darwin's challenge, Gould accuses that; "Creationists pervert and caricature this debate by conveniently neglecting the common conviction that underlies it, and by falsely suggesting that evolutionists now doubt the very phenomenon we are struggling to understand". In short, Gould accuses religious groups not necessarily of being wrong, but of failing to examine all the "facts" presented by evolutionists. For, science, according to Gould, "recognizes that old information might be explained in surprisingly new ways". Creationism's failure adhere to that definition of science, by failing to hold their theories up to scientific scrutiny, results in Gould's opinion that creationism cannot be considered science.
Related Research Paper Topic Suggestions
Case Studies In Evolution - Case Studies in Evolution examine examples of evolution in Microevolution and Macroevolution. One way to flush out the process of evolution is to do a case study on either a microevolutionary process or a macroevolutionary process.
Charles Darwin - Charles Darwin research papers discuss the research of Charles Darwin and some of his works including, On the Origin of Species.
Darwin and Natural Descent - Darwin and Natural Descent Research Papers examine Charles Darwin and his evolutionary psychology and theory of natural descent.
Darwin and Natural Selection - Research papers on Darwin and natural selection look into the theory byCharles Darwin that states that there is variation within all populations of living organisms.
Darwinism - Research papers on Darwinism look into the theories of biological evolution presented by Charles Darwin.
Descent of Man - Darwin's The Descent of Man research papers examine Charles Darwin's theory of evolution in The Descent of Man. Paper Masters will custom write research on Darwinism using any of his many works, especially The Descent of Man.
Ecology and Evolution - Trends in Ecology and Evolution research papers examine the series of scientific journals, published in the United Kingdom, of a monthly publication that has become the highest-cited journal in the areas of ecology and evolutionary biology.
Evolution versus creation - Evolution versus Creation research papers examine the arguments for Creationism and Evolution. Tell the writers at Paper Masters which side you want to argue and we will custom write your research paper for you.
Natural Selection - Natural Selection research papers cover Charles Darwin's theory of Natural Selection and are custom written.
Neodarwinism - A research paper on Neo-Darwinism discusses the modern blending of Darwin’s ideas regarding natural selection with Mendelian genetics.
Origin of The Species - Origin of the Species by Charles Darwin research papers are custom written. Learn how the survival of the fittest socially and biologically works.
Origins of Man - Origins of Man research papers profile the beginning of mankind through DNA testing and other scientific methods. Custom research paper from the Master - Papers you can trust.
Religion and Evolution - Research papers on Religion and Evolution examine the opinions that have emerged based on varying levels of religious and scientific beliefs.
Richard Dawkins - Richard Dawkins research papers examine the English evolutionary biologist and writer who is one of the world’s leading voices for atheism.
Scopes Trial - Scopes Trial research papers discuss Darwinism's challenge in the courts.
Survival of The Fittest - Darwin's Survival of the Fittest research papers in relation to social darwinism and the theory of natural selection. Paper Masters explains the research on Darwin, the theory of the survival of the fittest and any evidence that is evident in nature.