Oppositional Defiant Disorder
As described by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) is a childhood disorder that is characterized by ongoing anger-fueled disobedience. Oppositional defiant disorder is far more severe than typical, normal adolescent defiance.Paper Masters can compose a custom written research paper on oppositional defiant disorder that follows your guidelines.
Oppositional Defiant Disorder
According to the DSM-IV, there are eight signs and symptoms of ODD, and a diagnosis can be made whenever a child exhibits four of them. According to the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, they are:
- Active refusal to comply with majority requests
- The performance of actions deliberately intended to be annoying,
- Anger and resentment of others
- Frequent arguing
- Blaming others for one's own mistakes
- Frequent loss of temper
- Spiteful or vengeful behaviors
- Easily annoyed
Such a pattern of behavior will lead to behavioral problems in the school setting.
Causer of ODD
The causes of ODD are not known, although children of alcoholics and parents with frequent encounters with law-enforcement are known to have an 18% greater chance of developing ODD in early childhood. Reinforcement of negative behaviors, whether intentional or not, merely serves to sustain the negative behaviors of children with ODD. Various types of therapy, including cognitive-behavioral and family therapy, have proven effective in treating ODD. However, the best course of treatment is generally individually tailored to meet the needs of the specific child.
Related Research Paper Topic Suggestions
Adolescence - Adolescence research papers examine the time in life when a young person enters puberty and experiences the growth changes of sexual maturity.
Adolescent Depression - Adolescent Depression Research Papers go into what it does to mental and physical health.
Adolescent Substance Abuse - Adolescent Substance Abuse term papers on the sociological aspects of treatment and counseling for young people with Abuse issues.
Affects of Incest - Affects of Incest Research Papers look at how this form of child abuse causes different personality characteristcs in survivors of incest.
Anger Management For Children - Anger Management for Children Research Papers delve into the causes of anger in children, and how to help them through managing their anger psychologically.
Apsac Handbook On Child Maltreatment - Review of the APSAC Handbook on Child Maltreatment by John E. B. Myers for social science students.
Bad Parenting - Bad Parenting Research Papers explore the different types of bad parenting practices, and the psychological and physical effects.
Behavioral Therapy For Children - Research papers on behavioral therapy for children discuss the therapies used to help cases of ADHD, autism, or other emotional disorders.
Bipolar - Bipolar Disorder research papers on the psychological disorder and all of its elements and subcatagories can be custom written for college and university students in psychology courses. Symptoms, treatment and causes may be studied.
Bipoloar Syndrome - Bipolar Syndrome research papers that are custom from Paper Masters examine the componants of bipolar syndrome such as inflated self-esteem, decreased need for sleep, excessive talking, racing thoughts, distractible and increased pleasure-seeking activities.
Birth Order - Birth Order research papers are custom written on the psychological aspects of a person's birth order. First, middle or last children exhibit particular behaviors in relation to health, intelligence, personality and even crime.
Birth Order and Crime - Birth Order and Crime research papers report that later-born children are more likely than first-borns to engage in civil disobedience or otherwise disobey the law.
Birth Order and Health - Birth Order and Health research papers examine health differences in first born, middle or last born children in families.
Birth Order and Intelligence - Birth Order and Intelligence in research papers argue that birth order affects the intellectual development of the children in a family, proved through specific studies and custom written.
Birth Order and Personality - Birth Order and Personality writing at the college level examines the theories related to the order in which one is born into a family.
Birth Order and Sexual Orientation - Birth Order and Sexual Orientation Research Papers investigate a correlation between birth order and sexuality.
Borderline Personality Disorder - Borderline Personality Disorder Research Papers discuss the damages that it causes to body.
Borderline Personality Disorder Symptoms - Borderline Personality Disorder research papers discuss the symptoms of borderline personality disorder and are custom written from Paper Masters.
Child Behavior - Child Behavior research papers discuss the development and behavior of children from 9 months to 4 years.
Child Counseling - Research papers on Child Counseling discuss the service provided to children to help deal with their mental and emotional well-being.
Child Discipline - Child Discipline research papers discuss the different views of correcting a child's behavior based on religion, culture, and education.
Childhood Onset of Bipolar - Childhood Onset Bipolar Disorder research papers explore bipolar syndrome in Children.
Children - The Children Research Paper goes into a biography on right African American students that lived throughout the Civil Rights Movement.
Children of Divorce - Children of Divorce research papers look at the statistics of how children are affected by divorce.
Corporal Punishment - Research Papers form Paper Masters on corporal punishment. Custom written research examining spanking and punishment for children.
Corporal Punishment In Schools - Corporal Punishment in Schools Research Papers discuss the current research of corporal punishment and how it affects children.
Current Foster Care Systems - Current Foster Care Systems Research Papers look at an example of a paper order that address a need in psychology with a specific organization.
Depersonalization Disorder - Depersonalization Disorder research papers look into a mental disorder characterized by the individual’s recurring feelings of derealization, altered perception of the external world, or depersonalization, which is a detached sense of self.
Development of Adolescence - Development of Adolescence Research Papers look at an order placed for a psychology research paper with specific instructions on resources.
Dialectical Behavior Therapy - Dialectical Behavior Therapy research papers examine the effective treatment of borderline personality disorder, traumatic brain injuries, and the chronically suicidal.
Divorce Rate - Divorce Rate research papers examine the demographic surveys of divorce rate in the United States.
Gay Lesbian Parenting - Gay and Lesbian Parenting Research Papers on gay parenting and other Gay Issues can be custom written to the exact topic you need.
Girl Interrupted - Girl, Interrupted research papers discuss Susanna Kaysen's novel in light of psychological theory.
Group Therapy In High Schools - Group Therapy in High Schools research papers discuss how group therapy will improve academic achievement for those diagnosed with mental health and drug and alcohol disorders.
Incest and Impact On Parenting - Incest and Impact on Parenting Research Papers examine a study that shows that incest can have a negative affect on the perception of parenthood.
Inferiority Complex - Inferiority Complex research papers examine the psychological term that connotes a lack of self-worth.
Kimo - Kimo research papers delve into a case study on a child that is showing anger management problems and also emphasizing their strengths and weaknesses.
Masochism - Masochism Research Papers examine why some individuals turn to physical pain, humiliation, degradation, or other forms of suffering as a means of reaching a state of physical and/or mental arousal.
Parenting Styles - Parenting styles research papers discuss the four different types of parenting methods identified by researchers.
Pathological Narcissism - Pathological Narcissism research papers discuss how narcissism affects individuals from all walks of life. Research on pathological narcissism at Paper Masters.
Personality Disorder - Personality Disorder Research Papers discuss different disorders that affect a person's personality.
Personality Disorder Narcissism - Personality Disorder Narcissism research papers discuss identifying characteristics of the narcissism personality disorder.
Problems Facing Children In Foster Care - Problems Facing Children in Foster Care Research Papers look at the issues associated with foster care such as brain development, and cognitve and social development.
Problems With Kids Who Kill - Problems with Kids Who Kill research papers examine reasons why they say children kill others, which is due to any type of violence they may have watched or participated in during their lives.
Rights of Children - Rights of Children Research Papers open up ideas of child rights. The United States affords children a vast amount of rights.
Saving Childhood - Saving Childhood Research Papers look at a book written by Michael and Diane Medved about the factors that can ruin childhood.
Separation Anxiety - Research papers on separation anxiety discuss the normal part of a child's maturation that can lead to behaviors of avoidance.
Thomas Achenbach - Thomas Achenbach Research Papers study this doctor's development of the Child Behavior Checklist.
Treatment For Personality Disorder - Treatment for Personality Disorder Research Papers inspect the different therapies used in treating personality disorders.
Working Mothers Impact On Children - Working Mothers Impact on Children Research Papers examine a critical thinking project which helps students understand how to look at a controversial issues and write about it.
Working Two Jobs - Working Two Jobs Research Papers go into the physical and mental strains that it may cause, and what this stress could lead to.