Research papers on classical conditioning look at Pavlov's famous learning theory. Paper Masters will custom write a research paper for you on classical conditioning that looks at any aspect of Pavlov's theory and apply it however you need. To learn the elements of classical conditioning, see the information below.
Classical conditioning is a psychology experiment known to every student of Psych 101 due to the classic work done by Russian scientist Ivan Pavlov. In definition, classical conditioning involves the interplay between three elements:
- Conditioned Stimulus
- Unconditioned Stimulus
- Conditioned Response
Learning that occurs when a conditioned stimulus (CS) is paired with an unconditioned stimulus (US). The CS is generally a neutral event, such as the ringing of a bell, where the US is a biologically based reaction, combined with a reflex response, the unconditioned response (UR). When the CS and US are paired, a person or animal develops a conditioned response (CR).
A Brief Introduction to Classical Conditioning
In Pavlov's famous experiments, the UR was the dog's salivation at the presence of food (US), which in this case it was meat powder placed in the dog's mouth. Pavlov then rang a bell (CS) just before giving the dogs the meat powder. Eventually, the dogs began to salivate simply whenever the bell was rung, producing the CR.
In order to use classical conditioning best to impart learning, a technique known as forward learning is used. The following are the steps used in forward learning for classical conditioning: In forward learning, the CS precedes the US. Pavlov, it was noted, rang the bell just before giving the dogs the meat powder. Thus, the subject begins to anticipate the US. Pavlov, however, believed that conditioning did not produce new learning, but rather subjects responded in old ways to new stimuli. Aversion therapy is a type of classical conditioning used to change behavior.