Antisocial behavior covers a wide range of actions that either cause harm or lack basic consideration for others. At its most basic level, antisocial behavior is anything that goes against the prevailing cultural norms. The American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, states that persistent antisocial behaviors are classified as part of antisocial personality disorder.
For the most part, antisocial behaviors are disruptive acts that are characterized by either covert or overt hostility, and may also include aggressive actions towards others. Like all personality traits, antisocial behavior exists along a spectrum. Examples of covert antisocial behaviors range from the mild, such as a noncompliance or lying, to the more extreme, such as destroying property. Overt examples of antisocial behavior include aggression, verbal abuse or bullying.
For the most part, antisocial behaviors are shaped within the family dynamic, as well as the community and educational environment. High-risk factors in the family include a parental history of antisocial behaviors, parental drug and/or alcohol abuse, an unstable home life, and the absence of good parenting skills.
Many treatment options exist for antisocial behavior, with most focused on childhood intervention. There are school-based programs in conflict resolution. However, the longer antisocial behaviors remain untreated, the more ingrained they become in the person.
Antisocial Personality Disorder and Treatments
The following are commonly associated with those diagnosed with antisocial personality disorder:
- Rule breaking
- Drug and alcohol abuse
It is a condition that creates significant hardship for the sufferer due to extreme difficulties in developing healthy relationships. In accordance to the biopsychosocial model, antisocial personality disorder is a result of biological, psychological, and social factors, such as genetics, childhood experiences, and social stressors. Due to such factors, an individual with antisocial personality disorder has a tendency to display psychopathic traits, particularly a lack of regard for others and common episodes of intense anger and frustration. However, various interventions are currently utilized to treat individuals suffering from this debilitating disorder. Clozapine treatments, cognitive behavioral therapy, and preventative developmental strategies serve as examples of such interventions, wherein clozapine treatments prove to be the most effective by causing a severe reduction in violence and aggression in research subjects.
In a 2014 experimental study published in the Cambridge University Press, D. Brown and fellow colleagues tested a drug-based treatment for antisocial personality disorder. A total of seven male participants were involved in the study, each of whom was selected from a UK high-security hospital where they were forced to stay as a result of a primary antisocial personality disorder and a history of extreme violence. For treatment, the participants were all administered a low serum dose of clozapine, an atypical antipsychotic medication most commonly used for schizophrenia. More specifically, serum doses were in the range of 150-350ng/mL for 6 of the 7 participants. Consequently, there was no control group. The treatment was administered by licensed physicians and the measurements regarding the effectiveness of the medication were made through a comparison of case notes which outlined participant behavior. Ultimately, the results supported the efficacy of clozapine treatments because all seven participants illustrated a reduction in violent, aggressive behavior. However, the study was not repeated and participants were not revisited in order to determine the long-term effectiveness of the drug. Yet in addition to such drug-based treatments, studies in cognitive behavioral therapy have been conducted as a means to investigate the treatment of antisocial personality disorder.
In an attempt to diminish the unfortunate consequences of antisocial personality disorder, the effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy was examined in a 2009 experimental study by K. Davidson and fellow research colleagues. The study involved the participation of fifty-two adult males suffering from antisocial personality disorder, wherein each subject was found in a community setting and had displayed an act of aggression within the previous 6 months of the study. Through random assignment, the participants were either placed in a control or treatment group. The control group did not receive cognitive behavioral therapy, whereas the treatment group did. The cognitive behavioral therapy was based on private sessions in which the triggers for antisocial behavior were discussed. Trained clinical therapists led the sessions, and the overall effectiveness of the treatment was measured by participant interviews which centered on social functioning, acts of aggression and problematic drinking. After a 12 month follow-up, both the control and treatment group displayed similar trends in a reduction of verbal or physical aggression, thus refuting the primary and long-term effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy. In opposition to such results, studies based on preventative developmental strategies have proven to be more effective in reducing the cases of antisocial personality disorder.
Related Research Paper Topic Suggestions
Agoraphobia - Agoraphobia Research Papers look at this anxiety disorder, and what the symptoms may occur.
Anxiety Disorders - Research papers on Anxiety Disorders discuss the types of psychological disorders characterized by fear and apprehension.
Assessment Instruments of Ocd - Assessment Instruments of OCD research papers can be written from the nursing perspective or from the medical health research point of view.
Childhood Anxiety - Childhood Anxiety research papers discuss the anxieties that develop during a child's development.
Compulsive Buying Disorder - Research papers on compulsive buying disorder discuss the compulsive spending habits of shoppers and what signals their preferences when making material purchases.
Delusional Disorder - Delusional Disorder research papers discuss the rare psychological condition that causes delusions and hallucinations in an individual.
Dissociative Disorders - Dissociative Disorders research papers author the symptoms and signs of the psychological disorder that includes memory loss and identity change. Writing an APA research paper is difficult - get help today.
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder - Obsessive Compulsive Disorder research papers overview OCD as a psychological disease that affects many Americans. Research paper Obsessive Compulsive Disorders can be viewed online to create your own custom term paper from.
Ocd - OCD research papers report on the condition of obsessive compulsive disorder in society.
Paranoia - A research paper on paranoia look into the serious symptom that occurres in a variety of psychiatric disorders.
Paranoid Personality Disorder - Paranoid Personality Disorder research papers examine the mental condition that is characterized by a person's overall paranoid feeling toward others.
Paranoid Schizophrenia - Paranoid Schizophrenia research papers discuss the subtype of the mental disorder schizophrenia found in the DSM-5. Research papers on psychology are custom written from Paper Masters.
Reactive Attachment Disorder - Reactive Attachment Disorder research papers examine the severe but rare disorder that affects some children when they develop disturbed and inappropriate ways of interacting with others.
Sad - SAD research papers explain the disorder as a form of depression that is associated with biological rhythms and affects people in a variety of ways. Seasonal Affective Disorder and other psychological disorder research at Paper Masters.
Stress - Stress Research Papers look into the diverse symptoms of stress. Medical and psychology research is custom written.
Symptoms of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder - Symptoms of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder research papers outline the diagnostic information and symptoms of PTSD.
Treating bipolar disorder - Treating Bipolar Disorder research papers show that many treatment models are available for the psychiatric illness. Psychology research papers are custom written for college and university students.