Anwar Sadat (1918-1981) was the third President of Egypt, largely remembered for signing the historic Camp David Accords, which established peace between Egypt and Israel. The peace treaty led to his receiving the Nobel Peace Prize, along with Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin, but also led to his assassination by Islamic fundamentalists. Paper Masters can compose a custom written research paper on Anwar Sadat that follows your guidelines.
The following are facts about Anwar Sadat:
- Born: December 25th, 1918
- Graduated from the Royal Military Academy in Cairo
- Egyptian by Nationality
- Died (Assassinated): October 6, 1981
Anwar Sadat and Nasser
In 1952, Sadat, a military officer, participated in the coup that overthrew King Farouk and installed Gamel Abdel Nasser as President of Egypt. Following, Nasser's death in 1970, Sadat became President himself. He quickly consolidated power, purging many Nasser loyalists. In 1973, Sadat, acting with Syria, launched a war against Israel, the Yom Kippur War. Despite the surprise attack and a negotiated cease-fire brocaded by the world's superpowers, the Israeli Army managed to encircle the Egyptian forces.
Anwar Sadat and Jimmy Carter
Following this military defeat, the idea of negotiating peace with Israel gained support in some Egyptian circles. US President Jimmy Carter invited Sadat and Prime Minister Begin to Washington, D.C. for a conference at the presidential retreat Camp David. The Camp David Accords were landmark in the history of Arab-Israeli relations, as each country recognized each other for the first time and established a lasting peace. The treaty, however, was widely unpopular in the Arab world. In 1981, fundamentalist members of the Egyptian military assassinated Sadat during a military parade.