FBI - Federal Bureau of Investigation
On July 26, 1908, the Bureau of Investigation was created by President Theodore Roosevelt in an attempt to more closely monitor the growing threat of anarchism after the assassination of President William McKinley seven years prior. In 1933, it was renamed the Division of Investigation after being linked to the Bureau of Prohibition. Even that name did not last, though, and later that same year, the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) was born. The first Director of the FBI was J. Edgar Hoover; he served in this leadership role from 1924 to 1972, commanding all three namesakes of this vital governmental organization.
The FBI has three general purposes: to protect and defend the nation, to enforce the criminal laws of the country, and to provide leadership and support to criminal justice organizations at various levels of government. More specifically, the FBI has a clear hierarchy of priorities: protect America from terrorist attacks; combat public corruption; protect civil rights; and combat significant white-collar crime and violent crime, among others. Located in the J. Edgar Hoover Building in Washington, D.C., they do this with an operating budget of nearly $10 billion today. Four branches of the FBI report to deputy director: intelligence; national security; criminal, cyber, response, and services; and science and technology. Two branches report to the associate director: the information and technology branch and the human resources branch. All ultimately report to the Cabinet-level Department of Justice, and more specifically to the Attorney General and the Director of National Intelligence.
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