Birth control is the prevention of pregnancy through the use of contraception or fertility control. Birth control is achieved through natural, pharmaceutical and/or prophylactic means. Birth control has been in use since ancient times but it has only been since the 20th Century that birth control has been perfected.
Common methods of birth control include the following:
- Tubal Ligation and Vasectomies
- Intrauterine Devices (IUD)
- Hormonal contraceptives
- Oral pills
- Vaginal Rings
- Sexual Abstinence
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Birth Control Forbidden
Some religions and cultures forbid birth control. Birth control methods are used in some third world countries to control the population. In these nations, birth control helps prevent unsafe abortions and prevents high risk pregnancies. However, birth control is in short supply and much of the problem in developing nations is still unresolved in spite the prevalence of birth control in the developed world.
In the country of China, this has been a government-backed issue for some time. According to the article, "Women and Forced Birth Control", the women in Tibet have been especially under a birth control siege due to its current over-population problems. The laws for forced birth control allow a fixed number of children per family. Any woman found pregnant with a child exceeding this number is forced into abortion and sterilization and also slapped with a fine of 1,00 yuan (approximately $120.00 US dollars). These fines must be paid within a specified time limit.
Forced Birth Control
The Chinese government obviously does not believe their laws are fair because there is an ongoing attempt to hide the birth control policy imposed on the Tibet Autonomous Region. Chinese officials have forbidden the use of birth control related words and stress the use of scientific terms.
Likewise in the country of East Timor, under Indonesian control since 1975, are under subjection of sterilization tactics. The population of East Timor was estimated at 688,000 in the 1970s. If it continued on that current growth rate, it would number near 1,000,000 today. Today's number is actually 40,000 less than 18 years which coincides with the countries take over by Indonesia. Studies on this population freeze point to covert sterilization programs imposed by the government in the form of women delivering children by Caesarean delivery find themselves unable to conceive anymore children and women in the hospital for some other surgery find themselves infertile after their surgery. There are even reports of school age girls receiving unknown injections in school that stops their menstrual cycle, avoiding human reproduction.