Norovirus has become more and more common in society. Have Paper Masters write a research paper on Norovirus and hy it is so prolific, what the symptoms are and how to protect yourself against acquiring the Norovirus.
Norovirus is an infection that causes inflammation in either or both the stomach and intestines, resulting in the following symptoms:
- Stomach pain
Other symptoms can include a fever, headache, or general body aches as the immune system works to fight the infection. Approximately 12 to 48 hours after exposure to norovirus, a person can begin to experience symptoms, and they can last from one to three days. A common complication as a result of norovirus is dehydration, especially in individuals who are immunocompromised or in children or the elderly. Dehydration can manifest as a drop in the amount of urination, dizziness upon standing, or a dry mouth and throat. While drinks like Gatorade, or other non-alcoholic and non-caffeinated drinks, can help with dehydration, liquids that provide essential nutrients are far more effective. Because norovirus is not bacterial, antibiotics cannot be used to treat it. There is no designated treatment plan for the illness; it simply has to run its course while the patient treats the symptoms of dehydration that can accompany the infection.
Norovirus is incredibly contagious; infection takes place when one gets stool or vomit from an infected person in one's mouth. For example, if a person preparing food does not wash their hands after using the restroom and has the virus on their own skin, it can be transmitted to the food and then consumed. Similarly, if that person touches a surface, such as the restroom door, the virus can be spread if another person touches the area and then places their fingers in their mouth. Because the illness does not manifest for approximately 12 hours at a minimum, it can be spread from one person to another unwittingly, such as through sharing utensils or food with an infected, yet asymptomatic, person. Because of these factors, norovirus can spread easily through highly populated areas, like daycares, cruise ships, and nursing homes.