Trojan War research papers discuss the origins of the war as it is reported by Homer. Have the complicated history of Troy and the many gods involved in the war explicated in a custom research paper written only for you at Paper Masters.
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The Trojan War comes down to us from antiquity largely from myths and legends now lost. Homer's Iliad, an epic poem written down in the late 8th century BC, and based on an oral tradition hundreds of years old at that point, details one episodes of a few weeks in the tenth year of the war. "In classical times a great series of epics, now lost or in fragments, told those parts of the story ignored by the earlier Homeric poems, and some of these, like the Greek epics known as the Kypria and the Sack of Ilios, were evidently of great scope and power". But several thousand years of tradition have preserved a complete cycle of myth, history and legend.
Mythic Roots of the Trojan War
The mythic roots of the Trojan War lie in the realm of the Olympian Gods.The following are all gods that had a hand in the Trojan War:
- The gods Apollo and Poseidon, punished to work among mortals, built the city of Troy for Laomedon, the father of Priam.
- A human, Aeacus (the son of Zeus and Aegina, and the grandfather of Achilles) helped the gods in order to fulfill destiny.
- After Troy's completion, Hercules, Peleus and Telamon, the brother of Peleus, attacked Troy because Laomedon had failed to repay Hercules with the promised reward of immortal horses for rescuing Laomedon's daughter Hesione.
- Telamon killed Laomedon and took Hesione for his concubine.
Peleus, the son of Aeacus, fell in love with the nymph Thetis. Zeus was also in love with the beautiful Nereid but was warned that she would bear a son who would be mightier than his father. Peleus and Thetis were married with Zeus' blessing at a great banquet attended by all the gods. Somehow, Eris, the goddess of strife, was not invited and took offense at the oversight. For spite, she rolled a golden apple across the floor of the banquet. Clearly inscribed on the apple were the words "For the Fairest." Instantly, Hera, Athena and Aphrodite laid claim to the apple. They appealed to Zeus to settle the matter, but the king of the gods referred the decision to Paris, the son of Priam.
The King of Troy
Priam, the King of Troy, was married to Hecuba, who dreamed that she gave birth to a flaming torch. Cassandra, Priam's daughter, foretold that the couple's newborn baby, Paris, should be exposed or else he would one day destroy the city. A passing shepherd found the infant and raised the boy as his own. It was there, on the slopes of Mount Ida, where the goddesses found Paris. Hera offered him the lordship of all Asia and fabulous wealth. Athena promised him victory in war and wisdom beyond that of any other man. Aphrodite promised him the most beautiful woman in the world, Helen of Sparta. Paris chose Aphrodite as winner of the golden apple.