Equal Opportunity in Education
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Since the days of Brown v. The Board of Education, equal opportunities in educational have been in the focus of society, educational systems, the government, and parents across the nation. Since the dawn of the Equal Educational Opportunity Act, education has sought to provide equal education for all people. Nearly every school, small and large, has an equal education opportunity policy to insure that all students are treated equally. Equality is to be established no matter the cultural background, the extent of the mental or physical disability or how diverse a population, students must assimilate with. Equal opportunity in education entails a curriculum that is made up of the following elements:
Disability and Education
As educators, parents, legislators, and other concerned citizens struggle with the difficult questions regarding how best to serve a diverse student population, the only certainty is that there are no easy answers. Though education is viewed in our culture as the path to achievement and success, it is perhaps even more significant to those with disabilities.
Best Service for All in Education
One of the most controversial and complex issues related to this effort at “best service” for all students revolves around the integration-segregation dilemma. A careful review of the literature reveals both the large number of children involved and the broad range of situations with which these students must cope. According to one equal opportunity in education research paper, individuals with disabilities comprise at least 10% of the world’s population. In school settings, children with developmental delays and impoverished environments add to the numbers requiring accommodation. And societal changes contribute as well. In this country in recent years, there has been an alarming increase in the number of substance-exposed babies born, with addiction the short-term outcome and multiple cognitive deficits sometimes the longer legacy. HIV infection is now identified as the primary cause for mental retardation in children. One study estimates that nearly seven percent of children in major urban areas have learning or behavioral difficulties related to a congenital problem. The challenge to provide equal opportunity in education is monumental – and growing.