Brown V Board of Education
A research paper on the case Brown v. the Board of Education shows Brown v. the Board of Education was brought about as a major challenge to this principle of "separate but equal." When writing on Brown, the research paper must show it was the culmination of other court cases which had been brought in the decades up to 1950. Most of these cases had been initiated and conducted by the NAACP and attorneys and organizations allied with them. Have Paper Masters help you write on this complex legal case that still has ramifications today.
The NAACP was officially formed in 1909 with the goal of eliminating lynching of blacks and obtaining fair trials for blacks. In the 1930s, the organization began to focus on obtaining the integration of all areas of American life. One of the NAACP's first objectives was to gain admission for blacks at the graduate level of college education. These cases were conducted by Thurgood Marshall, who in 1938 became the general counsel for the NAACP's Legal Defense and Education Fund and later became a Supreme Court Justice. The NAACP had victories in this area of graduate education with the following cases:
- "Gaines v. University of Missouri" in 1938
- "Sipuel v. Board of Regents of University of Oklahoma" in 1948
- "Sweatt v. Painter" in 1950
Elements to Include in Your Brown v. Board of Education Research Paper
A research paper on Brown v. Board of Education should show that what is now known simply as the "Brown v. Board of Education" landmark Supreme Court case was originally called "Oliver Brown et al v. Board of Education of Topeka [Kansas]." This case challenged a Kansas statute permitting cities of over 15,000 population to maintain separate schools for whites and blacks for grades one through eight. At the time, Topeka has segregated schools for grades one through six. the case arose from the situation of the black girl Linda Brown having to travel a distance to attend the segregated black school when there was a white school five blocks from her home. The plaintiffs aimed to have the Kansas statute declared unconstitutional. They claimed that segregation inherently created a situation of inferiority for blacks and was a denial of due process and equal protection.
How Brown v. Board of Education is Still Impacting Us Today
In the U.S. today, hundreds of school districts rely on busing to ensure desegregation in area schools. Your research paper will not be complete without some mention of how Brown v. The Board of Education is still impacting us today. In some of these school districts, busing is used to comply with court orders that are more than two decades old. Policies adopted by schools focus on increasing enrollment of certain students at certain schools, including those behind the school choice movement. Although parents are usually unaware that the policies are promoted as a way of obtaining "racial balance", educators and administrators are.
Other recent indicators that the subject of school segregation remains unresolved revolve around new cases before the Supreme Court. In 1989, the NAACP filed a lawsuit in a Connecticut state court to "compel desegregation between the city of Hartford and its suburban districts". In 1991 and 1992, the Supreme Court issued rulings that determined the conditions and the length of time school districts must retain busing practices as a means of ensuring desegregation.
Brown v. the Board of Education served as a critical step in obtaining educational equality for all in the United States. Since the 1954 decision, minorities have achieved major advances in obtaining equality in education as well as other areas. However, the issues related to equality are not yet resolved. Although schools today are viewed as integrated in nature, problems still exist as to how to keep a racial balance within the school system. While the majority now views segregation as illegal, a search for the ultimate remedy is ongoing in nature.