Battle of Long Island
The Battle of Long Island took place on August 27, 1776 between the American Continental Army under George Washington and the British. Also known as the Battle of Brooklyn Heights, it was a crushing defeat for the Americans, giving control of New York City and its vital port to the British. Paper Masters can compose a custom written research paper on Battle of Long Island that follows your guidelines.
Battle of Long Island and Britain
Following Britain’s defeat at the Siege of Boston, the American Revolution moved south into Loyalist stronghold New York. Washington brought his troops into the city, which at that time was only the southern tip of Manhattan. In July, General William Howe’s British regulars landed on Staten Island and were soon reinforced by British navy ships, bringing Howe’s forces to 32,000 men.
Washington constructed three forts outside of Brooklyn, waiting for the British to attack. The British complied, attacking Long Island on August 22 and setting up a forward camp. While Washington attempted to reinforce Brooklyn, the British attacked American pickets, flanking the American positions.
American Soldiers Fled the Battle
Panicked American soldiers fled, retreating to the main defensive line at Brooklyn Heights. Following a brief siege, Washington evacuated Manhattan on the night of August 29-30, retreating through New Jersey and into Pennsylvania, where the Army would eventually go into winters quarters at Valley Forge.