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Aldous Huxley (1894-1963) was an English writer best known for his novel Brave New World. The grandson of noted agnostic and Darwin supporter Thomas Huxley, Aldous was educated at Eton and Oxford, where he edited Oxford Poetry magazine in 1916.
Aldous Huxley and World War I
During World War I, Huxley moved in the Bloomsbury set, a group of British intellectuals and writers including:
It was following the war that he wrote Brave New World, which criticizes scientific progress, especially the dehumanizing aspects of it. The novel paints a world run by Pavlovian conditioning and mass production. Set in the distant future, the world is unified under a World State where children are created and then genetically engineered and split into five castes. He would later continue this theme in Brave New World Revisited and Island.
Aldous Huxley's Novel
In 1937, Huxley moved to Los Angeles, where he spent most of the rest of his life. Much of his writing was occupied with pacifist themes, largely represented by his novel Eyeless in Gaza. Huxley also worked as a screenwriter on several Hollywood films. He experimented with LSD, writing The Doors of Perception about the experiences. Huxley requested an injection of LSD on his death bed, dying on November 22, 1963, the same day as writer C.S. Lewis and President John F. Kennedy.