Abraham Maslow (1908-1970) was an American psychologist best known for his hierarchy of needs. Born and raised in New York City, Maslow eventually studied at City College of New York and the University of Wisconsin, where the behaviorist school of psychology influenced his work. Paper Masters can compose a custom written research paper on Abraham Maslow that follows your guidelines.
Maslow and Adler
Alfred Adler, under whom he studied at Columbia University, also heavily influenced Maslow. Between 1937 and 1951, Maslow was a professor at Brooklyn College, where he began to formulate his own ideas regarding human identity. He called his theory humanistic psychology, which applies a holistic approach to the individual. This school has been called the third force in psychology, after psychoanalysis and behaviorism.
His work combined mental health and human potential, for which he was indebted to his colleagues Ruth Benedict and Max Wertheimer. Eventually, Maslow developed the idea of a hierarchy of needs, which begins with the basics of human survival and ends with self-actualization. Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs evolves as follows:
- Psychological Needs
- Safety Needs
- Love and Belonging
- Esteem Needs
Self-actualization, According to Maslow
Self-actualization, according to Maslow, is the best psychological state for the individual, and represents mental health. People who possess self-actualization have positive qualities, such as truth and goodness and have accepted themselves. Cofounder of the Journal of Humanistic Psychology, Maslow died in 1970, after suffering a heart attack while jogging.